The Inflation Reduction Act (IRA) is intended to spur the deployment of clean energy technologies and propel the U.S. toward a decarbonized power system. In 2023, the U.S. installed a record amount of solar PV and grid-scale batteries, but the pace will need to accelerate sharply to meet the Biden administration’s climate ambitions. While the IRA provides the financial incentives to ramp up deployment, stubborn obstacles persist. What progress has been made so far under the IRA? What options are available to overcome hurdles to deployment such as local community opposition, long grid interconnection queues and supply chain challenges?