Vera de Ladoucette is a distinguished expert in international relations and the energy industry. She had a broad area of expertise, having held posts in government, industry, and consulting. Mrs. de Ladoucette retired in July 2009 from IHS and its predecessor Cambridge Energy Research Associates (CERA), where she was Senior Vice President and Head of the Middle East team, but kept working part time for the company as Senior Associate. Mrs. de Ladoucette, who was also head of CERA’s Paris office, joined CERA in May 2001. Previously, Mrs. de Ladoucette spent 19 years with Elf Aquitaine and, after the merger, with Total. She was Senior Vice President for International Relations at Total from 2000 to April 2001 and held a similar position with Elf Aquitaine (1993–2000). Her previous positions at Elf Aquitaine included advisor to the Executive Vice President, Trading and Shipping. Mrs. de Ladoucette joined Elf Aquitaine in 1982. At IHS Markit, Elf, and Total, she focused on OPEC and Middle East/North Africa affairs. She wrote extensively on the oil market and on the political and energy framework of several countries in the Middle East and North Africa (Saudi Arabia, Iran, Iraq, Kuwait, Algeria, etc.) and advised both governments and companies. Before 1982, Mrs. de Ladoucette was an advisor for International Affairs to the Undersecretary for Energy at the Ministry of Industry in France (1975–82). In January 2000, Mrs. de Ladoucette was appointed Chevalier de la Legion d’Honneur for her contribution to the energy field by the French government. She holds three MAs—in law (Paris Sorbonne), political sciences (Paris Institut d’Etudes Politiques), and art history (Ecole du Louvre)—and a BA in sociology (Paris Sorbonne).