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- S. Julio Friedmann
Industrial decarbonization requires rewiring the way we produce and consume goods. From capital costs to modifying operations, these changes will test current market and regulatory frameworks. What are the tools available to meet the challenge of decarbonizing industry? How will electrification, process intensification, low-carbon feedstocks, and carbon capture each contribute to industrial decarbonization?
Much attention on China’s decarbonization efforts has been on the rapidly expanding renewable power fleet as well as the role of coal-fired power, yet half China’s coal consumption is not in the power sector. Industrial and commercial sectors continue to consume large volumes of coal, oil products, and natural gas. What technology and policies options are available to address emissions from non-power sources in China? What’s unique in the Chinese contexts with regard to technology development and adoption? In what ways can international collaboration in technologies such as carbon capture and hydrogen help reduce emissions in China and beyond?
A diverse set of innovations, technologies, and market and policy factors are required to tackle the climate change crisis. This is prime time for new research into low-carbon ideas to shine and make an impact, alongside investments in innovative startups. What criteria are academic and government research institutions using to prioritize research programs to have the greatest impact on carbon management? What do experts believe are the “hot” research topics that could yield the greatest breakthroughs for carbon management in the midterm?