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- Luis Cabra
The Glasgow COP26 meeting reaffirmed the global goal of net- zero emissions by 2050. Previously, investors, shareholders, and companies focused on environmental performance. Now, energy companies face increasing pressure to allocate more capital to energy transition investments. Simultaneously, institutional investors are focusing more on climate-related financial risks to investments, along with Environmental, Social, and Governance (ESG). The new balanced scorecard not only includes financial performance but also a clear understanding of transition risks and companies’ contributions to positive societal outcomes. Should ESG be at the center of every energy company’s business strategy? How are ESG factors influencing financial institutions’ behavior and how well are energy companies responding? How will the recent run-up in energy prices influence the move from hydrocarbons to low or zero carbon? What are the pros and cons of regulators defining and mandating climate-related disclosure requirements? Should there be unified and transparent ESG metrics and disclosures similar to financial disclosures?