David Victor is Professor of International Relations and Co-Director of the Laboratory on International Law and Regulation at University of California, San Diego. He is also Co-Head of the Initiative on Energy and Climate, Brookings Institution. His research focuses on highly regulated industries and how regulation affects the operation of major energy markets. Prior to joining University of California, San Diego, Dr. Victor served as Director of the Program on Energy and Sustainable Development at Stanford University, where he was a Professor at Stanford Law School and taught energy and environmental law. Earlier in his career, he directed the science and technology program at the Council on Foreign Relations and led the International Institute for Applied Systems Analysis. Dr. Victor is the author of Global Warming Gridlock: Creating More Effective Strategies for Protecting the Planet, which explains why the world has not made much diplomatic progress on the problem of climate change while also exploring new strategies that would be more effective. Dr. Victor received his BA from Harvard University and his PhD from Massachusetts Institute of Technology.