Bold became Chief Executive, Copper in February 2021. Previously, Bold was the Chief Executive of our Energy & Minerals (E&M) product group. Through the development of new products and markets, a responsive market approach and the successful divestment of our coal business, Bold helped drive the optimisation of our portfolio with a focus on a low carbon future and in doing so, helped generate significant shareholder value. He also re-energised the Group’s focus on Africa and drove the development of Rio Tinto Ventures, which focuses on assessing growth opportunities in the minerals and metals of the future. Bold joined Rio Tinto in May 2013 as president of Copper International Operations. He earlier held executive positions with a diversified investment management business, a gold mining company in his home country of Mongolia and as an investment banker with JP Morgan in New York and London. He was the chairman of the Mongolian Stock Exchange from 2010-12 and chairman of the Mongolian Mining Association from 2012-14.