The climate change debate places high expectations on the success of the biofuels industry, in general, and the advanced biofuels industry, in particular. Meanwhile growth in demand for renewable super-low carbon transportation fuels outpaces that seen prior to the COVID pandemic. More countries now are moving to enact low-carbon fuels standards and industries are becoming increasingly aware of their carbon footprints. In the transport sector, there are few if any short-term alternatives to biofuels, yet there are not enough agricultural feedstocks to meet the demand required to meet GHG reduction goals. What range of waste or other feedstocks exist to resolve this shortage in the production of sustainable transport fuels? What potential exists to scale up the technologies required to convert these feedstocks to sustainable fuels?