Fossil fuel will persist as the primary energy source in certain sectors of the economy for decades to come, and carbon capture and storage (CCS) is critical for their deep decarbonization. Multiple industries (E&P, power generation, industrial gas production) have decades of experience managing technologies in the carbon value chain. However, an integrated CCS industry remains at the starting blocks. Competition between incumbent and upstart technologies has been a powerful force in accelerating advancement and dramatically decreasing costs for wind and solar technologies. Is there an opportunity for a similar dynamic to in CCS technology? What new technology development models can support this? How can the industry best manage the development of a portfolio of CCS technologies?