Along with fertilizer, crop protection chemicals, transportation, and packaging, biofuels are a major area of intersection between agriculture and energy. Over the past 15 years, biofuels production has increased globally and has become a major part of the energy profile of developed and developing countries. While energy security and farm income support were early pillars of biofuels policy, biofuels as a solution to developing renewable, sustainable, low-carbon sources of energy is a major theme in both commercial and policy organizations considering future biofuels development. What are the geographic differences in areas such as feedstocks and policy? How will technology play a role? What are the critical policy changes that could happen? What role will energy prices play?