Indian Oil and the Government of India are ushering in a new hydrogen economy for the country. What are new developments in hydrogen production, storage, and transportation? What policy changes are needed to encourage the use of hydrogen and fuel cell technology? Can India produce its own low-cost hydrogen using local feedstocks? What are the key drivers to improving hydrogen’s cost-competitiveness? How can India’s biomass and the government’s program on “Sustainable Alternative Toward Affordable Transportation” for compressed bio-gas and waste-to-energy assist the country in developing clean, efficient, affordable transportation? What are the successes and challenges of Indian Oil’s patented hydrogen-spiked CNG technology tested in 50 IC engine buses in Delhi?