Economic and social obstacles persist, but coal will be a major contributor to the global and US energy generation mix for decades. What are the challenges inherent in producing the volume of coal necessary to meet demand? What strategies will incentivize capital investment? How can a modern coal-producing company position itself to return profit as demand shifts to developing economies and recedes from traditional markets? What role could diversification play in providing a safety net when demand cycles are weak? Can coal companies position themselves to meet growing ESG requirements? How do we maintain a viable labor force?