COP26 affirmed the “what” of energy transition. Now the energy industry, investors, technology companies, and policymakers must focus on the “how.” The IEA, IHS Markit, and others have developed roadmaps to net zero, yet commercially competitive technologies must still evolve for almost half the necessary emissions reductions. What will drive this level of innovation? What will be the sources of capital? What risks lie ahead, and how can they be mitigated? What types of collaboration are needed among government, international financial institutions, and the private banking sector to finance a just transition?