Buffeted by a historic recession in 2020, Sub-Saharan Africa’s energy sector experienced a challenging 2021, which COVID-19-related complications only exacerbated. Yet signs of recovery now appear on the horizon—more prominently in some locales than others. What progress was made in the past year, and what does the road ahead look like, with the energy transition looming as uncharted territory? What opportunities and challenges do global trends present, and how do they impact national initiatives and prospects for regional development? What policies should governments adopt to mitigate risks in the face of uncertainty and achieve national objectives?